Herbarium Universitatis Lipsiensis (LZ)

Brief information on history, collections and types

The herbarium dates from 1806 and was founded by Chr.F. Schwägrichen (1775-1853). It is the oldest herbarium of a university in Germany. There is no reliable information about the history of the first years. Due to an initiative by the fern expert G. Kunze (1793-1851), donating about 30.000 specimens to the herbarium and promoting systematic research, its collections increased steadily. Several other botanists, such as E.F. Poeppig (1798-1868), G.H. Mettenius (1823-1866) and J.A. Schenk (1815-1891), contributed with extensive collections to the fern and phanerogamic part of the herbarium.

During World War II the herbarium with all specimens, literature, and documents was destroyed in December 1943. After the war, from 1947 onwards, the herbarium was rebuilt.

Currently, the collections comprise about 150.000 specimens, systematically arranged (about 130.000 cormophytes, 13.000 fungi, other groups 7.000). Collections of material fixed in solvents, wood samples, fruits and seeds, are also preserved. Valuable contributions to our contemporary seed plant collections were made by O. Fiedler (1880-1971), P. Gutte (born 1939), W. Morawetz (1951-2007), and G.K. Müller (born 1929).

The most important part of the herbarium is the South American stock, mainly herbs from the northern Andes or trees from the Amazonian region (together about 50.000 specimens). A library and an archive are associated with the herbarium.

As a consequence of the loss of the historical collections during World War II, the quantity of types housed in the herbarium LZ  is comparatively low.  


In the following our types of vascular plants are listed alphabetically (remark: the isotype of Leucheria paniculata Poeppig ex Lessing is a gift of the Herbarium M from the 1990s).

 Acacia dietrichiana F. v. M. – Isotypus
 Chloris halophila var. humilis Ch. Müller – Holotypus
 Choricarpia leptopetala (F. Muell.) Domin – Paratypus
 Cyperus haspan var. dietrichae Domin – Syntypus
 Elaeodendron australe var. pedunculosa Domin – Isosyntypus
 Helictotrichon pubescens (Huds.) Pilg. – Isoneotypus
 Jacaranda crassifolia Moraw. – Paratypus
 Jacaranda montana Moraw. – Iso- und Paratypus
 Jacaranda pulcherrima Moraw. – Isotypus
 Jacaranda subalpina Moraw. – Iso- und Paratypus
 Klarobelia megalocarpa Chatrou - Isotypus
 Klarobelia pumila Chatrou - Isotypus
 Lepanthes herzogii Luer – Holotypus
 Leucheria paniculata Poeppig ex Lessing – Isotypus
 Mosannona pacifica Chatrou - Isotypus
 Nasa triphylla ssp. colonchensis Weigend – Holotypus
 Oenothera lipsiensis Rostanski & Gutte – Holo- und Paratypus
 Oenothera nissensis var. fiedleri Gutte & Rostanski – Holotypus
 Oenothera punctulata Rostanski & Gutte – Isotypus
 Oenothera rubricaulis var. longistylis Gutte & Rostanski – Isotypus
 Oenothera turoviensis Rostanski – Isotypus
 Oenothera velutinifolia Hudziok – Isotypus
 Oenothera x rigirubata Renner ex Gutte & Rostanski – Isotypus
 Oenothera x saxonica Gutte & Rostanski – Holotypus
 Phalaris peruviana H. Scholz & Gutte – Iso- und Paratypus
 Piptochaetium juninense O. Tovar & Gutte - Holotypus
 Pitcairnia gutteana W. Weber – Holotypus
 Pseudoxandra spiritus-sancti Maas – Isotypus
 Puya gerdae W. Weber – Holotypus
 Puya gerd-muelleri W. Weber – Holotypus
 Puya gutteana W. Weber – Holotypus
 Puya macbridei ssp. yungayensis W. Weber – Holotypus
 Racinaea marioportillae Hoepfel & Scharf – Paratypus
 Sabazia microspermoides Longpre - Isotypus
 Sarcopera flammifera de Roon & Bedell – Paratypus
 Sigesbeckia abyssinicum Sch. Bip. – Isotypus
 Sigesbeckia australiensis D.L. Schulz – Holo- und Isotypus
 Sigesbeckia bogotensis D.L. Schulz – Holotypus
 Sigesbeckia repens Rob. & Greenm. – Isotypus
 Siphonandra boliviana Luteyn – Isotypus
 Tillandsia gerd-muelleri W. Weber – Holotypus
 Tillandsia gutteana W. Weber – Holotypus
 Tillandsia zaratensis W. Weber – Holotypus


The following exsiccatae are available in LZ

A.C. Kopsch: Bryotheca Saxonica (1919-1936)
K.W. Krieger: Fungi Saxonici Exsiccati (1902-1919)


Living culture collections not existing in LZ

Loans of herbarium specimens including types are granted following standard regulations. The usual loan period is one year. It is possible to extend the period at request.


For loans please contact

Dr. Peter Otto
Herbarium of Leipzig University
Institute of Biology
Molecular Evolution and Plant Systematics
Johannisallee 21-23
D - 04103 Leipzig
e-mail: otto(at)uni-leipzig.de

last update: 16.06.2018 

Collection with archived samples of seed plants.









Original voucher (holotype) of a Tillandsia from the Peruvian Andes, named after Prof. Dr. em. G.K. Müller.









A fascicle of the work "The mushrooms of Saxony" by K.W. Krieger, dating back to 1893.









Showcases for education programmes.









Exhibits on the topic "mushrooms for enjoyment, healing, dyeing and designing".